Sep 19, 2020  
2019-2020 Academic Catalogue 
    
2019-2020 Academic Catalogue [ARCHIVED CATALOG]

Courses of Instruction


Course Numbering System. Each subject is identified by a symbol made up of two parts. The first part is an abbreviation denoting the general field of study. The second part is a number denoting the particular subject. The first digit indicates the year in which the course is usually taken and, therefore, the level of instruction.

Credit. The unit of academic credit used at the Virginia Military Institute is the semester hour. In general a semester hour represents one hour of classroom work (lecture or recitation) or one period (two or three hours) of laboratory or supervised research or field work per week during a single semester. Thus a course that meets for three class hours and one laboratory period each week during one semester usually carries credit for four semester hours.

In the following course descriptions the figures on the title lines indicate, in order, the class hours per week, the laboratory or field work hours per week, and the semester hours credit. For example, the figures “3—2—4” mean that the class meets three times a week for one-hour classroom sessions and has two hours of laboratory, supervised research, or field work each week, and that the course carries four semester hours of credit.

 

BIOLOGY

Department of Biology
Department Head: Colonel Bell

Requirements for major in biology are specified in Biology .

  
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    BI 250 - Survey and Analysis of Environmental Issues


    Lecture Hours: 3
    Lab Hours: 0
    Credit Hours: 3

    This three-credit course takes a multi-disciplinary approach to explore and analyze the various aspects of environmental issues and problems being faced today and those we are likely to face in the future, on the local, national and international levels. The course will explore how historical, socio-economic, political, biological, engineering and technological forces interact to impact a broad range of issues and potential solutions to the most pressing environmental issues. The course will examine and discuss topics including culture, bio-diversity, species extinction, eco-systems of the oceans and land, and the human impact on the environment including on water, air, land, soils, and climate. Cadets will examine the distribution and intensity of natural disasters and conflict over resources, as well as national defense and military concerns regarding the environment. The course will also explore environmental laws and regulations, market approaches and other means to address these issues.
  
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    BI 290/290W - Independent Research


    Lecture Hours: 0
    Lab Hours: 4-6
    Credit Hours: 1-3

    These courses are for third classmen pursuing research during the fall and/or spring semesters. Permission of instructor and department head required. Students pursuing the Writing Intensive (W) option will produce an annotated bibliography and either an introduction or discussion section of a research manuscript. Students pursuing the non-W option will earn Pass/Fail credits for this course.
  
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    BI 291/291W - Independent Research


    Lecture Hours: 0
    Lab Hours: 4-6
    Credit Hours: 1-3

    These courses are for third classmen pursuing research during the fall and/or spring semesters. Permission of instructor and department head required. Students pursuing the Writing Intensive (W) option will produce and annotated bibliography and either an introduction or discussion section of a research manuscript. Students pursuing the non-W option will earn Pass/Fail credits for this course.
  
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    BI 292/292W - Independent Research


    Lecture Hours: 0
    Lab Hours: 4-6
    Credit Hours: 2-4

    These courses are for rising second classmen pursuing research during the summer. Permission of instructor and department head required. Students pursuing the Writing Intensive (W) option will produce an annotated bibliography and either an introduction or discussion section of a research manuscript. Students pursuing the non-W option will earn Pass/Fail credits for this course. Prerequisite(s): Permission of instructor and department head required. Writing Intensive Course (W).
  
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    BI 293/293W - Independent Research


    Lecture Hours: 0
    Lab Hours: 4-6
    Credit Hours: 2-4

    These courses are for rising second classmen pursuing research during the summer. Permission of instructor and department head required. Students pursuing the Writing Intensive (W) option will produce an annotated bibliography and either an introduction or discussion section of a research manuscript. Students pursuing the non-W option will earn Pass/Fail credits for this course. Prerequisite(s): Permission of instructor and department head required. Writing Intensive Course (W).
  
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    BI 301 - Nematology


    Lecture Hours: 3
    Lab Hours: 0
    Credit Hours: 3

    Nematodes are the most abundant and diverse animals on the planet. They are found in terrestrial soil everywhere, from rainforests to deserts to the polar regions, and aquatic sediments from freshwater lakes and streams to intertidal and deep sea marine environments. Many are parasites of our crops, domestic and wild animals, and even humans. This course aims to introduce cadets to nematodes and their amazing diversity of forms and lifestyles, but also to introduce them to broader topics and fields in biology that can be examined through the lens of nematodes. These broader topics include model organisms, ecology, evolution and development. By the end of the course, students should be able to understand and critically examine current research in nematology and incorporate information and skills from other coursework. Prerequisite(s): BI 111 , BI 112 , & BI 113  or instructor permission.
  
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    BI 303 - Developmental Biology


    Lecture Hours: 3
    Lab Hours: 3
    Credit Hours: 4

    The normal development of organisms with a comparative description and analysis of the general principles governing growth and development. Laboratory work emphasizes embryology of the frog, chick, and pig. Prerequisite(s): BI 101  and BI 102 , or BI 111 , BI 112 , and BI 113 . When Offered: Developmental Biology is offered on an every other year basis.
  
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    BI 304 - Comparative Vertebrate Morphology


    Lecture Hours: 3
    Lab Hours: 3
    Credit Hours: 4

    This course involves detailed study of the different anatomical systems of the vertebrates. Evolutionary relationships among the groups and functional interpretations of anatomy are stressed.  Prerequisite(s): BI 101  and BI 102 , or BI 111 , BI 112 , and BI 113 .
  
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    BI 306 - Histology


    Lecture Hours: 3
    Lab Hours: 3
    Credit Hours: 4

    Histology is the study of anatomy at the tissue level. This course will examine the characteristics of the four basic tissue types and the structure and organization of organ and organ systems. The laboratory portion of the course will emphasize the identification of different tissue types and organs throughout the body based on tissue composition. This course is highly recommended for those students planning on pursuing a career in medicine. Prerequisite(s): BI 101  and BI 102 , or BI 111 , BI 112 , and BI 113 . When Offered: Histology is offered on an every other year basis.
  
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    BI 307 - Vertebrate Biology


    Lecture Hours: 3
    Lab Hours: 3
    Credit Hours: 4

    This course explores the evolutionary origins,diversity, and important aspects of the behavior and ecology of extant vertebrates, including: fish, amphibians, mammals, reptiles and birds. The laboratory portion of the course uses field trips and laboratory exercises to provide hands-on experiences with vertebrates in their natural habitats, with emphasis on species in Virginia. Prerequisite(s): BI 101  and BI 102  or BI 111 , BI 112  and BI 113  
  
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    BI 308 - Zoonotic Disease


    Lecture Hours: 3
    Lab Hours: 0
    Credit Hours: 3

    Zoonotic diseases are those spread between animals and people. Approximately 60% of all human disease has a zoonotic component and 3 out of 4 emerging infectious diseases has an animal reservoir or vector. This course will focus upon basic diseases transmitted between humans and animals. Comparison between different classes of pathogens (including viruses, bacteria, parasites, fungi etc.) relative to mode of infection, pathogenicity, environment, and disease symptomology will be the basis for tests and all other coursework. Prerequisite(s): BI 111 , BI 112 , and BI 113  or instructor permission.
  
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    BI 310 - Evolutionary Biology


    Lecture Hours: 3
    Lab Hours: 0
    Credit Hours: 3

    This course is an introduction to the principles and processes of evolution, ranging from population biology to global dynamics. We will explore the wide array of obstacles faced by all creatures, the specifics of and unique scenarios in organismal adaptation, as well as the drivers behind those specific adaptations. Topics will include the theory of evolution by natural selection, patterns of speciation, concepts of fitness and adaptation, the genetic and developmental bases of evolution, basics of systematic and phylogeny, macro-evolutionary patterns, large-scale trends in extinctions, and human evolution. Students will explore primary literature in the field and participate in evidence-based group discussions on the biological evidence laying the foundation for evolutionary principles. Prerequisite(s): BI 101  and BI 102 , or BI 111 , BI 112 , and BI 113 .
  
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    BI 311 - Aquatic Ecosystems


    Lecture Hours: 3
    Lab Hours: 3
    Credit Hours: 4

    This course is focused on the biological, chemical, and physical processes driving the interaction and interdependence of organisms in aquatic and marine communities. Lectures will be focused on the application of basic ecological theory and principles to an aquatic habitat, life cycles, and adaptations of organisms important in these systems, and a broad foundation of current issues related to these communities. Laboratory and field-based activities will cover important techniques to collect and analyze information, and a deeper and more practical understanding of the intricacies of local and regional aquatic habitats. Prerequisite(s): BI 101  and BI 102 , or BI 111 , BI 112 , BI 113 .
  
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    BI 312 - Ecology


    Lecture Hours: 3
    Lab Hours: 3
    Credit Hours: 4

    This course focuses on important principles that govern all ecosystems, including how biotic and abiotic factors converge to create natural systems, and how interactions and interdependencies among organisms shape biological communities. Course objectives will be achieved using lectures and a writing assignment that tests a novel hypothesis, using data drawn from peer reviewed scientific literature. The laboratory portion of the course will focus on a semester long ecological experiment. Students will analyze the data and use the results to write a professional-quality scientific paper. Prerequisite(s): BI 101  and BI 102 , or BI 111 , BI 112 , BI 113 .
  
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    BI 313 - Microbiology


    Lecture Hours: 3
    Lab Hours: 3
    Credit Hours: 4

    A survey of the biology of microorganisms encompassing their diversity, structure, metabolism, pathogenesis, and ecology.  Laboratory exercises will cover identification and manipulation of bacteria and single-celled eukaryotes. Prerequisite(s): BI 101  and BI 102 , or BI 111 , BI 112 , and BI 113 .
  
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    BI 321 - Invertebrate Zoology


    Lecture Hours: 3
    Lab Hours: 3
    Credit Hours: 4

    The course will cover the general form and function, life histories, ecology and evolution of the major invertebrate phyla. An emphasis will be placed on animals which are representative of their particular group and those that affect the lives of humans. Laboratories will focus on observation of slides and prepared specimens, and dissection of representative organisms. Observation and collection of animals in the field in both freshwater and marine environments will also be required. Prerequisite(s): BI 101  and BI 102 , or BI 111 , BI 112 , and BI 113 .
  
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    BI 324 - Ornithology


    Lecture Hours: 3
    Lab Hours: 3
    Credit Hours: 4

    The course will examine the biology of birds. Lecture topics will include a consideration of the anatomy and physiology of birds, ecology and evolution of birds, and avian behavior with specific emphasis on communication, territoriality, courtship and reproductive behaviors, and migration. The laboratory portion of the course will stress identification of birds in the field. Students will be expected to make visual and auditory identification of local avifauna. Prerequisite(s): BI 101  and BI 102 , or BI 111 BI 112 , and BI 113 BI 216  highly recommended.
  
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    BI 325 - Ecological Biochemistry


    Lecture Hours: 3
    Lab Hours: 3
    Credit Hours: 4

    This course explores biochemical and physiological mechanisms mediating ecological interactions between organisms. Topics will include an ecological analysis of predation, competition, and mutualism between plants, microbes, and insects and the underlying carbon metabolism pathways that mediate these interactions. Class lectures prepare students for discussions of primary literature, and a student-lead original research experiment will introduce students to current biochemical and physiological tools to study ecological biochemistry, culminating in an original research report. Prerequisite(s): BI 101  and BI 102 , or BI 111 , BI 112 , and BI 113 .
  
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    BI 326 - Parasitology


    Lecture Hours: 3
    Lab Hours: 3
    Credit Hours: 4

    A survey of Eukaryotic parasites (excluding bacteria and viruses) of humans and other animals. Morphology, classification, pathology, and diagnosis of medically important parasites will be discussed, as will ecological and evolutionary aspects of parasites in human and non-human hosts. Laboratory exercises will include examination of preserved material as well as dissection of invertebrate and small vertebrate hosts to collect, examine, and preserve live parasites. A group research project will be conducted to give cadets experience in developing and testing hypotheses using classical and modern techniques in parasitology as well as data analysis and presentation. Prerequisite(s): BI 101  and BI 102 , or BI 111 , BI 112 , and BI 113 .
  
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    BI 331WX - Cultural, Ethical, Economic, Religious, and Political issues Surrounding Science and Medicine


    Lecture Hours: 3
    Lab Hours: 0
    Credit Hours: 3

    This seminar will address the rapid and almost unmanageable speed of breakthroughs in science and medicine that have tested our abilities to keep up with the many cultural, religious, ethical, political, and economic issues that they evoke. Through a case-based study of actual problems and controversies, we will discuss ways to address these issues as concerned individuals and members of a world culture. Included will be such issues as patients’ rights, the use of animals in research, human cloning, stem cell research, screening for human diseases, euthanasia, health care coverage, and access to medical care. Enrollment is restricted by permission of the instructor. Prerequisite(s): No prerequisites. Writing intensive (W) Civilizations and Cultures (X).
  
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    BI 335 - Neurobiology


    Lecture Hours: 3
    Lab Hours: 3
    Credit Hours: 4

    The course will offer students an in depth understanding of the structure and function of the nervous system, in particular, students will be provided with an overview of comparative and human functional and clinical neuroanatomy in preparation for laboratory sessions involving human and comparative neuroanatomy, conducting original laboratory experiments in the area of developmental neurobiology using live animal models, as well as discussions of clinical case studies. In addition, current scientific papers will be presented dealing with breakthrough discoveries in the areas of brain function. Prerequisite(s): BI 101  and BI 102 , or BI 111 , BI 112 , and BI 113 .
  
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    BI 340 - Teaching Mentorship in Biology


    Lecture Hours: 1
    Lab Hours: 3
    Credit Hours: 2

    Students with at least a 3.0 GPA in their major and who earn an A or a B in a biology course, or by approval of the Department Head, may serve as a teaching assistant for the lab portion of this course in a subsequent semester. The teaching mentee’s duties may vary, but a mentee must meet with his/her mentoring professor weekly and attend all laboratory meetings of the course. Student duties will be determined by the course professor and approved by the Department Head. Duties will include: meeting with the professor each week to discuss teaching strategies and assisting the professor by helping prepare specimens, equipment, quizzes and/or practicals, assisting with teaching the lab or recitations, and creating a new lab or recitation. This is a Pass/Fail course. It may only be taken once and it will not count as a biology elective. Registration for this course requires Department Head approval.
  
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    BI 346 - Genetics


    Lecture Hours: 3
    Lab Hours: 3
    Credit Hours: 4

    An introductory study in genetics. Emphasis will be placed on understanding the flow of biologic information from DNA to proteins and the mechanisms of genetic change. Students will utilize software to analyze and compare genomes of a variety of organisms in order to better understand change and regulation at the genetic level.  Students may not take both BI 205  and BI 346. Prerequisite(s): BI 101  or BI 113 .
  
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    BI 351 - Selected Topics in Biology


    Lecture Hours: 2-3
    Lab Hours: 0-3
    Credit Hours: 2-4

    Selected topics to be discussed by faculty or visiting professors. Topics will be determined upon adequate student interest. When Offered: This course will not necessarily be offered each academic year.
  
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    BI 352 - Selected Topics in Biology


    Lecture Hours: 2-3
    Lab Hours: 0-3
    Credit Hours: 2-4

    Selected topics to be discussed by faculty or visiting professors. Topics will be determined upon adequate student interest. When Offered: This course will not necessarily be offered each academic year.
  
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    BI 353/353W - Summer Scholars Program I


    Lecture Hours: 0
    Lab Hours: 6
    Credit Hours: 3

    The Summer Scholars Program is an intensive research experience. Students selected to participate in the program will conduct independent research under the guidance of a faculty mentor and participate in weekly seminars throughout the summer. Students pursuing the Writing Intensive (W) option will produce an annotated bibliography and either an introduction or discussion section of a research manuscript. Students pursuing the non-W option will earn Pass/Fail credits for this course. Prerequisite(s): Permission of department head, only. Writing Intensive Course (W).
  
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    BI 354/354W - Summer Scholars Program II


    Lecture Hours: 0
    Lab Hours: 6
    Credit Hours: 3

    The Summer Scholars Program is an intensive research experience. Students selected to participate in the program will conduct independent research under the guidance of a faculty mentor and participate in weekly seminars throughout the summer. Students pursuing the Writing Intensive (W) option will produce an annotated bibliography and either an introduction or discussion section of a research manuscript. Students pursuing the non-W option will earn Pass/Fail credits for this course. Prerequisite(s): Permission of department head, only. Writing Intensive Course (W)
  
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    BI 390/390W - Independent Research


    Lecture Hours: 0
    Lab Hours: 4-8
    Credit Hours: 1-4

    These courses are for second classmen pursuing research during the fall and/or spring semesters. Permission of instructor and department head required. Students pursuing the Writing Intensive (W) option will produce an annotated bibliography and either an introduction or discussion section of a research manuscript. Students pursuing the non-W option will earn Pass/Fail credits for this course.
  
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    BI 391/391W - Independent Research


    Lecture Hours: 0
    Lab Hours: 4-8
    Credit Hours: 1-4

    These courses are for second classmen pursuing research during the fall and/or spring semesters. Permission of instructor and department head required. Students pursuing the Writing Intensive (W) option will produce an annotated bibliography and either an introduction or discussion section of a research manuscript. Students pursuing the non-W option will earn Pass/Fail credits for this course.
  
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    BI 404 - Cell Biology


    Lecture Hours: 3
    Lab Hours: 0
    Credit Hours: 3

    An introduction to cell structure and function including: membrane structure and physiology, functions of organelles, nuclear regulation, role of the cytoskeleton, the extracellular matrix, the cell cycle and cell death. Special emphasis is placed on the molecular biology of cellular processes and on current laboratory techniques including PCR and electrophoretic separation of nucleic acids and proteins. Prerequisite(s):  BI 101  and BI 102 , or BI 111 , BI 112 , and BI 113 .
  
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    BI 406 - Virology


    Lecture Hours: 3
    Lab Hours: 0
    Credit Hours: 3

    Viruses are entities comprised primarily of protein and nucleic acids that infect most life on earth. This course will cover the essentials of virus infection and replication emphasizing biochemical and molecular components essential to virus survival. We will also discuss impacts of viral infection, especially virus/host interactions. These can often lead to debilitating or lethal illness, or economically catastrophic agricultural impacts. Prerequisite(s): BI 111 , BI 112 , & BI 113  or instructor permission.
  
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    BI 411 - Immunology


    Lecture Hours: 3
    Lab Hours: 0
    Credit Hours: 3

    The course will focus on the human immune system. Students will first develop an understanding of the varied components of the immune system and then learn how those components interact to efficiently recognize and remove foreign invaders. Regulation of immune responses and immunpathologies will also be discussed. Prerequisite(s): BI 101  and BI 102 , or BI 111 , BI 112 , and BI 113 .
  
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    BI 420W - Capstone Research Experience


    Lecture Hours: 3
    Lab Hours: 0
    Credit Hours: 3

    This is a writing intensive course that is required of all biology majors, culminating in the production of a high-quality senior capstone research paper. The capstone paper will be based on the process of scientific inquiry, involving hypothesis testing based on a cadet’s original research or meta-analysis of previously published data. Cadets will also present their work to the Biology Department in the form of a poster. Prerequisite(s): Completion of one of the following courses prior to enrolling: BI 311 , BI 312 , BI 313 , BI 325 BI 326 , BI 335 , or BI 430 . Writing Intensive Course (W).
  
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    BI 430 - Molecular Biology


    Lecture Hours: 3
    Lab Hours: 0
    Credit Hours: 3

    This course is designed for upper class cadets who have completed Genetics.  Cadets master advanced molecular techniques in a hands-on fashion, exploring molecular biology from its roots in DNA manipulation to modern applications.  Through reading and discussing seminal research articles and modern studies, cadets will explore how to use molecular techniques to answer pertinent questions in all fields of biology. Prerequisite(s): BI 101  or BI 113 , and BI 205  or BI 346 .
  
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    BI 490/490W - Independent Research


    Lecture Hours: 0
    Lab Hours: 4-8
    Credit Hours: 2-4

    These courses are for first classmen pursuing research during the fall and/or spring semesters, including majors seeking Institute or Biology Department Honors. Students pursuing the Writing Intensive (W) option will produce an annotated bibliography and either an introduction or discussion section of a research manuscript. Students pursuing the non-W option will earn Pass/Fail credits for this course. Prerequisite(s): Permission of instructor and department head required. Writing Intensive Course (W).
  
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    BI 491/491W - Independent Research


    Lecture Hours: 0
    Lab Hours: 4-8
    Credit Hours: 2-4

    These courses are for first classmen pursuing research during the fall and/or spring semesters, including majors seeking Institute or Biology Department Honors. Students pursuing the Writing Intensive (W) option will produce an annotated bibliography and either an introduction or discussion section of a research manuscript. Students pursuing the non-W option will earn Pass/Fail credits for this course. Prerequisite(s): Permission of instructor and department head required. Writing Intensive Course (W).

BUSINESS

Department of Economics and Business
Department Head: Colonel West

Requirements for a major in economics and business are specified in Economics and Business .

Note: For all economics and business majors, the following courses must be completed with a grade of C or higher: MA 125 MA 126 ERH 101 ERH 102 EC 201 EC 202 , EC 300 , EC 303 , EC 304 , EC 330 ; BU 210 , BU 211 , BU 220 , BU 230 , BU 310 , BU 316 , BU 330 , BU 339 , BU 440 .  In addition, a minimum grade point average of at least a C must be earned in all department courses.

  
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    BU 210 - Financial Accounting


    Lecture Hours: 3
    Lab Hours: 0
    Credit Hours: 3

    This course covers the basic principles and concepts of accounting, recording and reporting transactions, and preparation and interpretation of financial statements.  Emphasis is on the rationale underlying accounting transactions.
  
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    BU 211 - Managerial Accounting


    Lecture Hours: 3
    Lab Hours: 0
    Credit Hours: 3

    This course covers (1) GAAP (generally accepted accounting principles) approaches for recording manufacturers’ inventory, (2) alternative in-house approaches for evaluating inventory and cost of goods sold, and (3) other analytical approaches to management decision-making, such as budgeting, standard costing and methods for evaluating organizational performance.  The focus of the course is on analytical thinking. Prerequisite(s): BU 210  with a grade of C or better.
  
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    BU 215 - Financial Planning


    Lecture Hours: 3
    Lab Hours: 0
    Credit Hours: 3

    A study of the fundamental principles of financial decision making. Overview of money management principles, to include asset management, investment products and planning, personal risk assessment, and insurance. Open to all majors. Note: This course cannot be taken by EC/BU majors or business minors as a business elective. Prerequisite(s): completion of 6 hours of math at VMI or equivalent.
  
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    BU 220 - Principles of Management


    Lecture Hours: 3
    Lab Hours: 0
    Credit Hours: 3

    The principles and processes of management in the private sector of the economy. Analysis of the managerial functions of planning, organizing, leading, and controlling, emphasizing ethics and social responsibility.
  
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    BU 230 - Principles of Marketing


    Lecture Hours: 3
    Lab Hours: 0
    Credit Hours: 3

    Analysis of the marketing function in business enterprise, including product development, pricing, distribution, and promotion for domestic and global markets. Includes study of market research, environmental scanning and analysis techniques.
  
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    BU 305 - Intermediate Accounting


    Lecture Hours: 3
    Lab Hours: 0
    Credit Hours: 3

    An in-depth study of measurement issues and reporting requirements for assets, together with developing an understanding of the theoretical foundation of financial accounting. The emphasis is on the official pronouncements of the Financial Accounting Standards Board. Prerequisite(s): BU 210  with grade of C or higher.
  
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    BU 306 - International Business


    Lecture Hours: 3
    Lab Hours: 0
    Credit Hours: 3

    This is a course designed to increase the student’s awareness of the fundamentals of the international business environment, and focuses on the issues and problems confronting managers in international business. The international business environment includes viewing national differences in political economy and cultures, global trade, monetary policies, strategies and structures of international businesses, and how basic business functions are best performed on an international basis. Prerequisite(s): EC 201 , EC 202 , BU 220 , and BU 230 .
  
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    BU 310 - Business Finance


    Lecture Hours: 3
    Lab Hours: 0
    Credit Hours: 3

    The approach is from the viewpoint of management in making financial decisions for the firm. Business risk and valuation, capital budgeting, cost of capital, and the decision-making process are the four areas emphasized. Prerequisite(s): BU 210  with a grade of C or better.
  
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    BU 316 - Legal Environment of Business


    Lecture Hours: 3
    Lab Hours: 0
    Credit Hours: 3

    The law as a means to social, political, and economic change. The American legal system from the standpoint of its sources and its philosophy, with special emphasis on business relations and the role of government. The course should develop an understanding of the structural apparatus and techniques of the legal process. Prerequisite(s): EC 201 , EC 202 , and BU 220  with a minimum grade of C.
  
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    BU 320 - Business Marketing


    Lecture Hours: 3
    Lab Hours: 0
    Credit Hours: 3

    This course involves an analysis of the basic principles which govern marketing products and services to organizational customers rather than final consumers who buy goods and services for personal consumption. Attention is focused on the special problems connected with the management of the business marketing organization and the planning, purchase, distribution, promotion, and development of business goods and services. Prerequisite(s): BU 230 .
  
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    BU 322 - Human Resource Management


    Lecture Hours: 3
    Lab Hours: 0
    Credit Hours: 3

    The knowledge, skills, and abilities of management and non-management employees are essential in the attainment of organizational objectives. BU 322 examines the recruitment, selection, training, evaluation, and compensation of employees, within the constraints of operating efficiency and applicable federal and state laws. Prerequisite(s): BU 220  with a grade of C or higher.
  
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    BU 330 - Management Information Systems


    Lecture Hours: 3
    Lab Hours: 0
    Credit Hours: 3

    An introduction to the field of management information systems, to include basic information systems’ concepts, the use of MIS in systematic problem solving, and managerial implications involved with hardware, software, telecommunications, and database management. Prerequisite(s): BU 220 .
  
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    BU 335 - Web 2.0 for Business


    Lecture Hours: 3
    Lab Hours: 0
    Credit Hours: 3

    The purpose of this course is to learn how the internet is changing the way business is done. New technology is making business more efficient, allowing them to increase their customer base, and helping them to improve their profitability. Topics include: social networking, blogging, wikis, collaboration/virtual teams, and media. Prerequisite(s): BU 220  (basic knowledge of business practices is beneficial).
  
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    BU 339 - Operations Management


    Lecture Hours: 3
    Lab Hours: 0
    Credit Hours: 3

    An introduction to operating management decisions which must be made to supply or produce the product or service of an organization. Integrating the major decision responsibilities of process, quality, capacity, and inventory issues through the use of cross-functional decision making is emphasized. Prerequisite(s): BU 220 
  
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    BU 411W - Equity Markets and Investing


    Lecture Hours: 3
    Lab Hours: 0
    Credit Hours: 3

    An introduction to the analysis and valuation techniques used for equity securities.  This course will focus on fundamental and technical analysis, market efficiency, the exposition and implementation of valuation techniques, in addition to institutional understanding of securities markets and trading. Note: Writing Intensive Course (W). Prerequisite(s): BU 310 EC 201 , & EC 202  with a minimum grade of C.
  
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    BU 412 - Fixed Income, Derivatives, and Alternative Assets


    Lecture Hours: 3
    Lab Hours: 0
    Credit Hours: 3

    This course is an introduction to the analysis and valuation techniques used for fixed income securities (mainly bonds), derivative securities (options and futures) and alternative assets (real estate, commodities, etc.) focusing on the concepts and tools that are useful to managers and investors who want to use these securities in a well-diversified portfolio. Prerequisite(s): BU 310 , EC 201 , & EC 202  with a minimum grade of C.
  
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    BU 413 - Wealth Management


    Lecture Hours: 3
    Lab Hours: 0
    Credit Hours: 3

    Emphasis in the major concepts in the creation and management of wealth for the individual, small privately held firms, and family owned businesses. Analysis of financial and estate planning from a life-cycle perspective; accumulation, preservation, and transfer. Examines the use of insurance as a planning tool for hedging and risk management. Explores the challenge of forecasting, considering both deterministic and random models. Prerequisite(s): BU 310  with a minimum grade of C.
  
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    BU 415 - Financial Statements Analysis


    Lecture Hours: 3
    Lab Hours: 0
    Credit Hours: 3

    A critical analysis of financial statement components. Prerequisite(s):  BU 310 , EC 201 , & EC 202  with a minimum grade of C.
  
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    BU 417 - Advertising


    Lecture Hours: 3
    Lab Hours: 0
    Credit Hours: 3

    This course will focus on the visual and communicative side of marketing. It will investigate the multiple roles that marketing research, writing, strategic planning, creativity, and art and design play in marketing communications. Topics include: logo (graphics), branding, retail outlets, packaging (design), brochures (production), public relations, and media based advertising. There will be a team project and numerous term papers. Prerequisite(s): BU 230  with a grade of C or better.
  
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    BU 419 - International Marketing


    Lecture Hours: 3
    Lab Hours: 0
    Credit Hours: 3

    This course is designed to provide students with knowledge beyond that of domestic marketing to make practical decisions relevant to entering and competing in foreign markets. The course introduces the main characteristics of international markets and addresses the impact of global environmental factors (economic, social, legal, and cultural) on marketing decisions such as market entry, product development, pricing, promotion, and distribution. Prerequisite(s): BU 230  with a grade of C or better.
  
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    BU 420 - Marketing Management


    Lecture Hours: 3
    Lab Hours: 0
    Credit Hours: 3

    Case studies involving marketing and strategy and policies, concepts and practices. Promotion, pricing and marketing computer simulation. Prerequisite(s): BU 230  with grade of C or higher.
  
  •  

    BU 422 - Labor and Employment Law


    Lecture Hours: 3
    Lab Hours: 0
    Credit Hours: 3

    While this is a course about the law, it is designed specifically for those who hope to go into management; to provide them with a level of understanding about the labor relations process, the rapidly changing field of employment law, and the rights and responsibilities of employees and employers. Prerequisite(s): BU 220  and BU 316  with a grade of C or higher.
  
  •  

    BU 428W - Developing Business Leadership


    Lecture Hours: 3
    Lab Hours: 0
    Credit Hours: 3

    The purpose of this course is to learn how to identify and develop effective leadership, with particular emphasis on business applications. We will identify characteristics of effective leaders, study how leaders apply these characteristics, and strategize on how these characteristics can be developed. Using these characteristics as a foundation, we will examine how they can be used for effective decision-making in different situations and circumstances (e.g. business, sports, military). Note: Writing Intensive Course (W). Prerequisite(s): BU 220  and PS 344 .
  
  •  

    BU 440 - Business Policy Seminar


    Lecture Hours: 3
    Lab Hours: 0
    Credit Hours: 3

    A capstone course, dealing with strategy and policy formulation and implementation. It is designed to provide a framework for problem identification, analysis, and decision making: integration and application of accounting, economics, marketing, management, finance, and statistics. Prerequisite(s): BU 210 , BU 220 BU 230 , BU 310 , EC 300  and EC 303 . Corequisite(s): EC 304 , EC 330 , BU 211 , BU 316 , BU 330 , and BU 339 .
  
  •  

    BU 450 - Topics in Business


    Lecture Hours: 3
    Lab Hours: 0
    Credit Hours: 3

    Selected topics in business related areas as suggested by members of the faculty and/or cadets. Subject and content to be announced before the semester in which the course is to be taught. Prerequisite(s): Permission of instructor. When Offered: Offered as announced.
  
  •  

    BU 451 - Topics in Business


    Lecture Hours: 3
    Lab Hours: 0
    Credit Hours: 3

    Selected topics in business related areas as suggested by members of the faculty and/or cadets. Subject and content to be announced before the semester in which the course is to be taught. Prerequisite(s): Permission of instructor. When Offered: Offered as announced.
  
  •  

    BU 460 - Independent Research in Business


    Lecture Hours: 0
    Lab Hours: 2-6
    Credit Hours: 1-3

    Independent research designed for cadets who desire to pursue a research interest in business under the direction of a faculty member. Prerequisite(s): An overall GPA or 2.7 and permission of instructor and department head.
  
  •  

    BU 461 - Independent Research in Business


    Lecture Hours: 0
    Lab Hours: 2-6
    Credit Hours: 1-3

    Independent research designed for cadets who desire to pursue a research interest in business under the direction of a faculty member. Prerequisite(s): An overall GPA or 2.7 and permission of instructor and department head.
  
  •  

    BU 462 - Honors Research in Business


    Lecture Hours: 2
    Lab Hours: 0
    Credit Hours: 2

    Designed for cadets pursuing independent research under the direction of a faculty member leading to departmental honors. Prerequisite(s): A 3.2 GPA overall and in all courses in the major. Permission of instructor, department honors committee, and the department head.
  
  •  

    BU 463 - Honors Research in Business


    Lecture Hours: 1
    Lab Hours: 0
    Credit Hours: 1

    Designed for cadets pursuing independent research under the direction of a faculty member leading to departmental honors. Prerequisite(s): A 3.2 GPA overall and in all courses in the major. Permission of instructor, department honors committee, and the department head.
  
  •  

    BU 473 - Advanced Topics in Marketing


    Lecture Hours: 3
    Lab Hours: 0
    Credit Hours: 3

    This course provides more in-depth exposure in several key areas touched upon in Principles of Marketing. The topics will draw from consumer behavior, buyer-seller relations, market research, retail, and brand management. Prerequisite(s): BU 230  with a minimum grade of C.
  
  •  

    BU 480 - Business Internship


    Lecture Hours: 0
    Lab Hours: 0
    Credit Hours: 3

    Under the supervision of a department faculty adviser, cadets may earn up to three hours of academic credit as a business elective in a summer internship of at least 8 weeks duration in a full-time position. Internships will normally be conducted with a private firm, a governmental agency, or a non-profit organization. Academic credit as a free elective maybe awarded for a second internship, under the provisions specified by the department head. Prerequisite(s): a 2.8 GPA overall and in all business courses, and permission of internship coordinator, the internship faculty adviser, and the department head. Upon the completion of all the academic and employment requirements of the summer internship for credit program, cadets may earn 3 hours of academic credit per summer for either EC 480  and EC 481  or BU 480 and BU 481 , although no more than three hours can count towards graduation.
  
  •  

    BU 481 - Business Internship


    Lecture Hours: 0
    Lab Hours: 0
    Credit Hours: 3

    Under the supervision of a department faculty adviser, cadets may earn up to three hours of academic credit as a business elective in a summer internship of at least 8 weeks duration in a full-time position. Internships will normally be conducted with a private firm, a governmental agency, or a non-profit organization. Academic credit as a free elective maybe awarded for a second internship, under the provisions specified by the department head. Prerequisite(s): a 2.8 GPA overall and in all business courses, and permission of internship coordinator, the internship faculty adviser, and the department head. Upon the completion of all the academic and employment requirements of the summer internship for credit program, cadets may earn 3 hours of academic credit per summer for either EC 480  and EC 481  or BU 480  and BU 481, although no more than three hours can count towards graduation.

CHEMISTRY

Department of Chemistry
Department Head: Colonel Stan Smith

Requirements for a major in chemistry are specified in Chemistry .

Prerequisites: Proficiency in CH 131 and CH 132 or in CH 137 and CH 138 for all courses in chemistry numbered 223 or higher. Additional prerequisites are stated in descriptions of courses below.

  
  •  

    CH 4XX - Advanced Chemistry Elective


    Lecture Hours: 3
    Lab Hours: 0
    Credit Hours: 3

    Please refer to your program evaluation for valid courses which fall into this designation.
  
  •  

    CH 111 - Laboratory for CH 131


    Lecture Hours: 0
    Lab Hours: 3
    Credit Hours: 1

    A laboratory course designed to reinforce the concepts covered in CH 131 . Corequisite(s): CH 131 .
  
  •  

    CH 112 - Laboratory for CH 132


    Lecture Hours: 0
    Lab Hours: 3
    Credit Hours: 1

    A laboratory course designed to reinforce the concepts covered in CH 132 . Prerequisite(s): CH 111  and CH 131 . Corequisite(s): CH 132 .
  
  •  

    CH 117 - Laboratory for CH 137


    Lecture Hours: 0
    Lab Hours: 3
    Credit Hours: 1

    Experiments designed to demonstrate the basic principles of chemistry with respect to observations, measurements, and calculations. Corequisite(s): CH 137 .
  
  •  

    CH 118 - Laboratory for CH 138


    Lecture Hours: 0
    Lab Hours: 3
    Credit Hours: 1

    A continuation of CH 117 . Emphasis is placed upon proper procedures in chemical syntheses and analyses. Prerequisite(s): CH 117  and CH 137 . Corequisite(s): CH 138 .
  
  •  

    CH 125 - Laboratory for CH 137


    Lecture Hours: 0
    Lab Hours: 5
    Credit Hours: 2

    Basic directed and guided-inquiry laboratory experiments, including an introduction to the use of laboratory instruments. Some experiments will be project-based, illustrating the nature of modern chemical thought. Corequisite(s): CH 137 , for CH majors only*.
  
  •  

    CH 126 - Laboratory for CH 138


    Lecture Hours: 0
    Lab Hours: 5
    Credit Hours: 2

    A continuation of CH 125 , including both qualitative and quantitative analyses. The laboratory will also be an introduction to research philosophies in chemistry. Prerequisite(s): CH 125  and CH 137 . Corequisite(s): CH 138 , for CH majors only*.
  
  •  

    CH 131 - Chemical Science I


    Lecture Hours: 3
    Lab Hours: 0
    Credit Hours: 3

    Study of the basic principles of chemistry designed for liberal arts majors. Topics include classification of matter, history of the atom, chemical bonding, stoichiometry, acids and bases, and redox. Corequisite(s): CH 111 .
  
  •  

    CH 132 - Chemical Science II


    Lecture Hours: 3
    Lab Hours: 0
    Credit Hours: 3

    Continuation of CH 131 . Emphasis is on applications of chemical principles to problems including, but not limited to, the economy, the environment, energy sources, and human health. Topics include organic chemistry, natural and artificial polymers, energy sources, and nuclear chemistry. Prerequisite(s): CH 131  or CH 137  and CH 111  or CH 117 . Corequisite(s): CH 112 .
  
  •  

    CH 137 - Introductory College Chemistry I


    Lecture Hours: 3
    Lab Hours: 0
    Credit Hours: 3

    A study of the fundamental principles of chemistry and their applications, designed for science, math, and engineering majors. Topics include atomic and molecular structure, chemical bonding, gases, thermochemistry, stoichiometry, physical and chemical properties. Corequisite(s): CH 117  or CH 125 
  
  •  

    CH 138 - Introductory College Chemistry II


    Lecture Hours: 3
    Lab Hours: 0
    Credit Hours: 3

    A continuation of CH 137. Topics include solutions, chemical kinetics, chemical equilibrium, ionic equilibrium, thermodynamics, electrochemistry, organic chemistry, descriptive chemistry, and nuclear chemistry. Prerequisite(s): CH 137. Corequisite(s): CH 118 or CH 126.
  
  •  

    CH 223 - Organic Chemistry I


    Lecture Hours: 3
    Lab Hours: 0
    Credit Hours: 3

    Basic studies concerning bonding, structure, and stereochemistry related to the physical and chemical properties of organic compounds, and emphasizing kinetics, thermodynamics and acid-base theory. Synthesis and reactions of alkyl halides, alcohols, alkenes and alkynes are emphasized. Prerequisite(s): CH 138  or its equivalent. Corequisite(s): CH 225  or CH 229 
  
  •  

    CH 224 - Organic Chemistry II


    Lecture Hours: 3
    Lab Hours: 0
    Credit Hours: 3

    A continuation of CH 223  with emphasis on the preparation, reactions, and interconversions of organic compounds, stressing synthetic and biochemical aspects as well as modern theoretical and mechanistic approaches. Prerequisite(s): CH 223  with minimum grade of C. Corequisite(s): CH 226  or CH 230 
  
  •  

    CH 225 - Organic Laboratory I


    Lecture Hours: 0
    Lab Hours: 3
    Credit Hours: 3

    For the chemistry major: a companion laboratory for CH 223  emphasizing organic synthesis and laboratory techniques, with additional emphasis on spectroscopy. Corequisite(s): CH 223 
  
  •  

    CH 226 - Organic Laboratory II


    Lecture Hours: 0
    Lab Hours: 3
    Credit Hours: 3

    For the chemistry major: a companion laboratory for CH 224  emphasizing organic synthesis and laboratory techniques, with additional emphasis on spectroscopy. Prerequisite(s): CH 225  Corequisite(s): CH 224 
  
  •  

    CH 229 - Organic Laboratory I for Non-Majors


    Lecture Hours: 0
    Lab Hours: 3
    Credit Hours: 1.5

    A laboratory course serving as traditional companion for Organic Chemistry emphasizing organic synthesis and laboratory techniques. Scientific observation and communication and the use of modern analytical techniques will also be included. Corequisite(s): CH 223.
  
  •  

    CH 230 - Organic Laboratory II for Non-Majors


    Lecture Hours: 0
    Lab Hours: 3
    Credit Hours: 1.5

    A laboratory course serving as traditional companion for Organic Chemistry that includes mechanistic studies and synthetic problems, and employs instrumental techniques to determine the purity and structure of reaction products. Prerequisite(s): CH 223  minimum grade of C & CH 229  minimum grade of D. Corequisite(s): CH 224  
  
  •  

    CH 246 - Inorganic Chemistry


    Lecture Hours: 3
    Lab Hours: 0
    Credit Hours: 3

    The principle topics for discussion will be atomic structure, molecular structure and bonding, solid structures, acids and bases, molecular symmetry, and coordination chemistry. Prerequisite(s): CH 138  or CH 132 
  
  •  

    CH 255 - Summer Research in Chemistry


    Credit Hours: 0

    Independent study opportunities, offered in each summer session, for students participating in chemical research under faculty supervision. Prerequisite(s): permission of department head and faculty research adviser.
  
  •  

    CH 256 - Summer Research in Chemistry


    Credit Hours: 0

    Independent study opportunities, offered in each summer session, for students participating in chemical research under faculty supervision. Prerequisite(s): permission of department head and faculty research adviser.
  
  •  

    CH 262 - Public Health issues


    Lecture Hours: 3
    Lab Hours: 0
    Credit Hours: 3

    The course introduces students to the field of public health and its role in their lives and their community. Students will explore a variety of topics including, but not limited to:(1) the mission/goals of public health (2) the role of epidemiology in public health (3) clinical studies and ethical issues; (4) risk factors for disease (5) global nutritional and disease issues (6) food safety, food born diseases and investigating food Bourne outbreaks; (7) cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, and obesity; (8) genetically engineered foods and foods from cloned animals; and (9) body image and eating disorders. Topics can be modified to address other contemporary issues in the field of public health. Prerequisite(s): One of the following: CH 111 , CH 117 , CH 137 , BI 101  or by instructor approval.
  
  •  

    CH 301 - Physical Chemistry I


    Lecture Hours: 3
    Lab Hours: 0
    Credit Hours: 3

    An introduction to gases and chemical thermodynamics. Emphasis is placed on understanding ideal and real gases, distribution functions and the mathematical implications of differential equations to the laws of thermodynamics. Prerequisite(s): MA 124  Corequisite(s): CH 311W 
  
  •  

    CH 302 - Physical Chemistry II


    Lecture Hours: 3
    Lab Hours: 0
    Credit Hours: 3

    A continuation of CH 301  with emphasis on chemical kinetics, equilibria, phase equilibria, solutions, electrochemistry, and quantum mechanics. Prerequisite(s): MA 215  or MA 311  and PY 160  
  
  •  

    CH 311W - Laboratory for CH 301


    Lecture Hours: 0
    Lab Hours: 3
    Credit Hours: 3

    Laboratory exercises which illustrate physical chemistry principles and laboratory techniques. Note: This is a writing intensive course. Corequisite(s): CH 301 
  
  •  

    CH 312W - Laboratory for CH 302


    Lecture Hours: 0
    Lab Hours: 3
    Credit Hours: 3

    Laboratory exercises which illustrate physical chemistry principles and laboratory techniques. Note: This is a writing intensive course. Corequisite(s): CH 302 
  
  •  

    CH 321 - Structural Biochemistry


    Lecture Hours: 0
    Lab Hours: 0
    Credit Hours: 3

    This will be a two-semester presentation of general biochemistry. In the first semester (BC 321 Structural Biochemistry), each of the major classes of biological molecules will be presented in light of their chemical composition and properties, emphasizing that these molecules obey the fundamental tenets presented in both general chemistry and biology. Structure /function interrelationship will be emphasized. Enzyme kinetics and basic thermodynamics will also be presented. This course also has a laboratory component (BI 323 ). Prerequisite(s): CH 224 . Corequisite(s): CH 323 
  
  •  

    CH 322 - Metabolic Biochemistry


    Lecture Hours: 3
    Lab Hours: 0
    Credit Hours: 3

    The second semester (BC 322 Metabolic Biochemistry) will investigate metabolic pathways as they exist in a variety of organisms. While the metabolism of humans will be emphasized, unique metabolic systems in plant and microbial species will be introduced to demonstrate alternative strategies for energy production and utilization. Prerequisite(s): CH 223 
  
  •  

    CH 323 - Laboratory for CH 321


    Lecture Hours: 0
    Lab Hours: 3
    Credit Hours: 1.5

    Selected experiments involving biochemical principles presented in CH 321 . Emphasis will be placed on current analytical and instrumental methods used to separate and identify biologically important compounds. Prerequisite(s): CH 226  or CH 230  Corequisite(s): CH 321 
  
  •  

    CH 335 - Analytical Chemistry I


    Lecture Hours: 3
    Lab Hours: 0
    Credit Hours: 3

    Theory and practice of chemical analysis. Classical volumetric methods and an introduction to instrumental methods including potentiometric titrations, spectrophotometry, flame emission and ion selective electrodes. Corequisite(s): CH 337 .
  
  •  

    CH 336 - Analytical Chemistry II


    Lecture Hours: 3
    Lab Hours: 0
    Credit Hours: 3

    A continuation of CH 335  with emphasis on more advanced techniques of chemical analysis including gas chromatography, high pressure liquid chromatography, spectroscopy including Fourier Transform Infrared, Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Fluorescence, atomic absorption and ultraviolet/visible and mass spectrometry. Prerequisite(s): CH 301  and CH 335 . Corequisite(s): CH 338 .
  
  •  

    CH 337 - Laboratory for CH 335


    Lecture Hours: 0
    Lab Hours: 3
    Credit Hours: 3

    Laboratory component for CH 335 emphasizing laboratory technique while illustrating analytical principles.
 

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